Graven Images

Comic books have increasingly become a vehicle for serious social commentary and, specifically, for innovative religious thought. Practitioners of both traditional religions and new religious movements have begun to employ comics as a missionary tool, while humanists and religious progressives use comics’ unique fusion of text and image to criticize traditional theologies and to offer alternatives. Addressing the increasing fervor with which the public has come to view comics as an art form and Americans’ fraught but passionate relationship with religion, Graven Images explores with real insight the roles of religion in comic books and graphic novels.

In essays by scholars and comics creators, Graven Images observes the frequency with which religious material—in devout, educational, satirical, or critical contexts—occurs in both independent and mainstream comics. Contributors identify the unique advantages of the comics medium for religious messages; analyze how comics communicate such messages; place the religious messages contained in comic books in appropriate cultural, social, and historical frameworks; and articulate the significance of the innovative theologies being developed in comics.


Representing Multiculturalism in Comics and Graphic Novels

Multiculturalism, and its representation, has long presented challenges for the medium of comics. This book presents a wide ranging survey of the ways in which comics have dealt with the diversity of creators and characters and the (lack of) visibility for characters who don’t conform to particular cultural stereotypes. Contributors engage with ethnicity and other cultural forms from Israel, Romania, North America, South Africa, Germany, Spain, U.S. Latino and Canada and consider the ways in which comics are able to represent multiculturalism through a focus on the formal elements of the medium. Discussion themes include education, countercultures, monstrosity, the quotidian, the notion of the ‘other,” anthropomorphism, and colonialism. Taking a truly international perspective, the book brings into dialogue a broad range of comics traditions.


Creating Comics as Journalism, Memoir and Nonfiction

This book provides student journalists, artists, designers, creative writers and web producers with the tools and techniques they need to tell nonfiction stories visually and graphically. Weaving together history, theory, and practical advice, seasoned nonfiction comics professors and scholars Randy Duncan, Michael Ray Taylor and David Stoddard present a hands-on approach to teach readers from a range of backgrounds how to develop and create a graphic nonfiction story from start to finish. The book offers guidance on:

-how to find stories and make use of appropriate facts and visuals;

-nonfiction narrative techniques;

-artist’s tools and techniques;

-print, digital, and multimedia production;

-legal and ethical considerations.

Interviews with well-known nonfiction comics creators and editors discuss best practices and offer readers inspiration to begin creating their own work, and exercises at the end of each chapter encourage students to hone their skills.


Continuing Education of Reference Librarians

Here is a crucial book on the neglected issue of continuing education of reference librarians. For librarians seeking to enhance and maintain a high level of quality reference work and for managers who must assure that their staffs receive the basics in continuing education, this is essential reading.

Continuing Education of Reference Librarians addresses the concerns of all librarians that they must be informed and educated in order to excel in their work. In the first several chapters of this comprehensive volume, on-the-job librarians focus on the increased need for nontraditional approaches to continuing education and training of reference staff. They offer practical ways of making additional training both useful and relatively easy to carry out within the library setting. Teachers of reference offer suggestions for contending with current formal courses, and they also examine the responsibilities of not only the reference librarian but also the bibliographer and faculty member in staying abreast of current trends. Also in this broad-based look at continuing education is a list of critical skills most librarians expect of their reference people, including reference interview techniques, mastery of basic reference sources, and an understanding of new technologies; a review of the most revolutionary change in teaching reference librarianship in the last 100 years–the online search; and a discussion on ethics, including the need for librarians to be aware of the basic documents of the American Library Association, and more importantly, the need to treat all library users equally, in terms of access and service, regardless of status and personal prejudice.

Continuing Education of Reference Librarians focuses on specific types of training for librarians. Authorities explain pioneering programs in California and Maryland which deal with teaching basic reference tools to beginning librarians and paraprofessionals. They also discuss the role of multitype networks in continuing education as the most cost and time efficient means available today, and the use of self-directed contract learning as a method that requires long-term planning and rewards in contrast to the immediate results of a short-term plan of education.

The management perspective of continuing education is also included. Working library directors offer their observations on sound, inspirational approaches to continuing education. They also examine the critical role department heads play as mentor to beginning reference librarians.



‘A no-holds-barred overview of the very competitive but ultimately rewarding industry that is advertising. Insightful, well-informed, frank and honest. An inspirational eye-opener for all Adland wannabes’ – Gyles Lingwood, Course Leader, Creative Advertising, University of Lincoln, UK

‘Like the advertising business, Tibbs’ book is dynamic, edgy, and challenging. It captures the industry’s excitement, energy, intellect, and creativity. The book is an inspiration and should be standard reading for all practitioners, students, and faculty of advertising, marketing, and communications’– Pamela Morris, Loyola University Chicago, USA

‘Tibbs’ insights turn the advertising agency from a mythical wonderland to a realistic career choice. Through reading this book and taking note of his advice, students will be one step closer to walking through its doors’ – Helen Powell, Senior Lecturer, Media and Advertising, University of East London, UK

Advertising does not need another graduate!

Whether you are an aspiring advertising creative, designer, account manager, PR / publicity consultant or marketing manager, Advertising is an engaging source of inspiration for those dark, idea-less days and a motivator when those job interviews or placements seem in short supply. Its Companion Website at: www.routledge.com/textbooks/advertising supports the book with further examples and ideas to inspire as well as offering up-to-date advice.

This book is filled with numerous visual examples of advertising thinking. With words of advice and guidance from some of the industry’s most respected practitioners and insights from graduates who faced the same challenges you will soon encounter in securing that elusive first job.

Add to that, an extensive supply of hints and tips to enhance the creative thinking processes, take the work you do beyond what you think you are capable of and, crucially, gain an edge at job interviews.

Maybe advertising doesn’t need another graduate, but then you won’t be just another graduate will you?